After the United States has repeatedly prevented and vetoed the proposed resolutions of countries such as Brazil, Russia, and the United Arab Emirates in the Security Council, which they wanted to stop the war to send humanitarian aid to Gaza, the UN General Assembly, on the proposal of the Arab states, decided to form a special emergency session on the Gaza war based on a resolution Alliance for Peace.
The United States invented the resolution Alliance for Peace as a way to bypass the veto of the Soviet Union during the Korean War (1950). Still, it was used at present against this country and its criminal allies (Israeli regime). This resolution provides: If, in some cases, the UN Security Council fails to take appropriate action for the veto of a permanent member during a threat against peace, violation of peace, or action of rape, the task of international peace and security is entrusted to the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. In this case, the General Assembly immediately investigates the matter and can even recommend strategies, such as the use of military force that seems necessary, to the relevant government and governments to restore international peace and security.
The decision to convene this extraordinary session of the General Assembly was put forward at the request of Jordan, the head of the Arab Countries Group, and Mauritania, the head of the "Islamic Cooperation Group at the United Nations in New York. The resolution, which called for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire and a halt to hostility in Gaza, was adopted on Friday, October 27, with 120 votes in favor, 14 against, and 45 abstentions. The Zionist regime and the US were among the countries that voted against the resolution.
Although the General Assembly resolutions do not make a legal obligation for member states, it is still important from different dimensions. First, approving such resolutions in the General Assembly, with a high vote (120 countries), reflects the general demand of the UN member states and the international community's demands from the parties involved in the war and their supporters. So, such resolutions are political and ethical, and failure to comply with the countries can have a political and prestigious cost. Therefore, this resolution puts the Zionist regime under the pressure of global public opinion and, if ignored by the regime, will further destroy its credibility.
Another aspect of this resolution is maintaining and increasing the credibility of the United Nations. At the same time, the US-biased vetoes in recent weeks have prevented constructive action and the inherent duties of the UN Security Council in maintaining peace and security and protecting the basic rights of civilians in Gaza. This resolution showed that it is not the only "power" and "right of veto" that speaks the first and last word in the international arena; rather, other countries that are lower in power can also be influenced in the United Nations and stop the violation of world powers from the United Nations Charter.
Prior to the issuance of the resolution, the UN Secretary-General, Mr. Antonio Guterres, at the UN Security Council session on Palestine, also attempted to address the various dimensions of the Al-Aqsa Storm with a relatively impartial position and referring to the forming roots of the Al-Aqsa Storm, along with the demands of global public opinion emphasizes the rights of the Palestinian people and demonstrate the relative action independence of the UN, an action that, although not enough due to the volume of Israeli violence and widespread killing in the Gaza Strip, is respected in the widespread soft war of the Zionist regime and its propaganda against Hamas and the inhabitants of Gaza.
But the other dimension of the UN General Assembly resolution is the withdrawal of the Arab states from passivity and silence against the violation of the rights of the Palestinian people. Jordan and Egypt were the leaders of political reconciliation and peace with the Israeli regime. Before the start of the Al-Aqsa Storm, some of the most important Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia, had sought to establish a diplomatic relationship with Israel in the form of the Abraham Accords and to provide the preparations to go to the passionate journey with this usurper regime. But now, more than 20 days after the Gaza war, it has been clear to these countries that neither the right-wing Israeli government has the right to the people of Gaza nor the Western supporters are the real human rights and child rights keepers. By achieving such a conclusion, the Arab states have tried to abandon their passive approach to Israel, using the resolution Alliance for Peace to play a more serious role in ending the suffering and sadness of the Gaza people.
The Islamic Republic of Iran's Minister of Foreign visit to New York, despite the political pressures of Republican Representatives of the US Congress and his presence and speech at the UN General Assembly session on regional and Palestine developments, also reflects a serious determination of the Islamic Republic of Iran to a control and active participation in this regional crisis and companionship with other Arab and Islamic countries is to end Israel's crimes in Gaza.
Overall, this UN General Assembly session is a vital opportunity for the international community and the right-seeking countries to show their seriousness and determination to take fundamental measures to guarantee civilian protection and send humanitarian aid to the Gaza Strip.
Dr. Mohammad Mehdi Mazaheri, University Professor
(The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IPIS)